This document is intended for people who want to work on SingularityUI independently of the other Singularity modules.

If you're here just looking for information on how to build SingularityUI, please note that the Maven build process is configured to automatically build and package the UI into SingularityService.

The compiled static files are placed in ../SingularityService/target/generated-resources/static/.


Developer overview

SingularityUI is a single page webapp that relies on SingularityService for its data.

The app is built using Gulp (i.e. compiling ES6, etc), with npm being used to manage its dependencies (e.g. React, Bootstrap).

We recommend you familiarize yourself with the following if you haven't used them before:

  • ES6 is the language used for all logic.
  • Stylus is used instead of CSS.
  • React acts as the front-end framework and templating library.
  • Redux provides state managment.
  • Bootstrap provides standard responsive components, and react-bootstrap provides react versions of said components.


You will need to have the following:

  • nodejs with npm.
  • gulp, installable via npm install --global gulp-cli.

Below are some commands you might find useful when working on SingularityUI:

# cd Singularity/SingularityUI
# Install NPM deps
npm install

# Build the app
gulp build

# Serve the app locally at localhost:3334 and rebuild whenever files are changed.
gulp serve

When you first start, run npm install to download all the dependencies. Once that's done, you're ready to roll!

Developing locally

So far you have SingularityUI with all its dependencies installed. You're able to run SingularityUI and have it served using gulp serve. What we need now is a running SingularityService to pull information from.

If you don't have one already (e.g. your team might be running one you can use), you can easily run your own via Docker. If running via docker, it is helpful to add the host that docker is running on to your /etc/hosts file as docker so we can reference it by hostname. If using boot2docker this is your boot2docker ip. We will reference the hostname as docker in the examples below.

Once the cluster is up and running, the API's root is available at http://docker/singularity/api by default.

You might also be running SingularityService locally without a VM. This works too!

From this point onwards we're assuming you have a running SingularityService you can use. We'll be using http://docker/singularity/api as a placeholder for the root URL of the API you're using.

Cross-domain restrictions

If you're using the docker-compose setup for your API you can go ahead and skip this section.

If you're using a different API you should be aware that SingularityService has an enableCorsFilter option in its server config. If enabled, cross-domain restrictions won't apply. The docker service has this enabled by default which is why we're not worried about it.

Your browser will not allow cross-domain requests if you're using a server without the CORS filter enabled. To get around this we'll use an open-source HubSpot mini-proxy called vee.

If you're able to configure your own nginx or Apache server to be used as a proxy, feel free to do it that way if you wish. Otherwise, read on!

Go ahead and install vee by running npm install -g vee.

Afterwards you will need to create a .vee file which will act as the configuration. Place this inside of /SingularityUI. Here is an example .vee file you can use:

name: SingularityUI


  # Redirect static assets to local server (assuming it is on port 3334)
  ".*/static/.*": "http://localhost:3334/"

  # Redirect any API calls to the QA Singularity service (the slash after the domain is necessary)
  ".*/api/.*": "http://docker/"
  ".*/login/.*": "http://docker/"

  # All else to the index.html (for all other Backbone routes)
  ".*": "http://localhost:3333/singularity/"

# Uncomment to debug the above routes
# debug: true

Once you have the file up and running, go ahead and run vee (from the dir .vee is in):

# Run vee on ports 80 and 443
sudo vee

# Run vee on specific ports
vee -p 4001 -s 4002

Assuming you used the second command, you can now access SingularityUI by going to http://localhost:4001/singularity.

If you're confused as to what's going on here, all your requests are being processed by vee so that:

  • Requests to localhost:4001/singularity/api are sent to the server at docker.
  • All other requests, including static files, are sent to the gulp server running locally.

Connecting to the API

So far you have SingularityUI being served by gulp, and SingularityService running somewhere. If you have a proxy like vee running too, please replace the ports/URIs that follow with the ones you're using for the proxy.

Open up SingularityUI in your browser by going to http://localhost:3333.

You'll be prompted to input an API root. This is the service that SingularityUI will interact with for its data. Give it your http://docker/singularity/api URI.

You can change the value of this at any point by typing the following in your JS console:

localStorage.setItem('apiRootOverride', 'http://docker/singularity/api')

And there you go! You should at this point have SingularityUI running in your browser with it connected to SingularityService. Just let gulp watch and compile your files as you work and try it out in your browser.

While we're on the topic of localStorage overrides, another useful one you can use disables the auto-refresh which will stop the page re-rendering so you can properly inspect the DOM:

localStorage.setItem('suppressRefresh', true)

Code structure

As mentioned before, SingularityUI uses React and Redux. If you're not familiar with how they do things, please look into them and familiarize yourself with React's lifecycle and the Redux store and dispatch.

What follows is a run-down of how things work in Singularity, using the Webhooks page as an example.

First you request /singularity/webhooks. This triggers our router to fire up Webhooks.

When the Webhooks component is called, the initial action occurs in the connect() function call at the bottom of the page.

First, connect() calls mapStateToProps(). Though it is called with the redux store and the component's own props, the Webhooks page doesn't have props passed into it. This returns props that are obtained from the redux store, such as API calls.

Then connect() calles mapDispatchToProps(). This is called with the redux dispatch and the component's own props, and returns props are functions which can perform actions.

connect() combines the outputs of mapStateToProps() and mapDispatchToProps() into one object and passes that in as props to the component the result of connect() is called with.

The result of connect() is called with the rootComponent. rootComponent sets up automatically refreshing the page and can display a 404 page if the component sets a notFound prop. The passed-in refresh() function fetches the page data from the API (in some cases in which initial data needs to not be fetched again, an initialize() function is also passed in to perform only initial calls). While the rootComponent is waiting for this to finish, the loading animation is displayed.

Finally, once the API call does complete, rootComponent takes the props provided by connect() and passes them into the Webhooks component itself, which will render the table of webhooks that you see.

Everything else is standard React-structured code. Please refer to the official docs for how to do things like respond to UI events, etc.

To summarize:

  • React Router bootstraps everything for the page.
  • All API calls necessary for rendering the page are performed in the primary component's refresh() or initialize() function.
  • Use React conventions wherever possible. Try to rely on props, not component state.

There are some libraries/classes in SingularityUI which you should be aware of if you plan on working on it:

  • Initialize sets up the Redux store, user settings, and the router. It also prompts the user for API root if necessary.
  • Router points requests to their respective components.
  • Application provides the naviagtion header and global search functionality.
  • Base is responsible for API call behavior, including error-handling.
  • Utils contains a bunch of reusable static functions.
  • UITable is a comprehensive table component that provides sorting, pagination and other utilities. Data is provided by child Column components.
  • FormModal provides a base for most of Singularity's modals, such as the Run Now and Pause Request modals.